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Industry sectors


  • Large vats in a foundry

    General manufacturing

    By improving energy efficiency, manufacturers can reduce costs and increase predictable earnings in the face of rising electricity prices.
  • Vegetable sorting machine at Simplot.

    Food and beverage manufacturing

    Tight profit margins and rising energy prices create a strong case for energy efficiency in the food and beverage sector.
  • Photo of many pipe lines in an industrial plant

    Chemicals and plastics manufacturing

    The potential to improve energy efficiency has been shown to be significant in chemical and plastic industrial plants by both theoretical studies and practical experience.
  • A picture showing a bulldozer moving wood chips ready for processing. Photo by on Flickr

    Pulp and paper manufacturing

    Energy constitutes as much as 15% of total operating costs in the pulp and paper sector, so energy efficiency reductions can make a difference to the bottom line.


  • A picture showing a road train truck

    Road transport

    Fuel is typically the highest operating cost for road transport operators. Small improvements in fuel efficiency can have a significant impact on competitiveness.
  • Picture of an airliner jet

    Air transport

    The air transport industry has been focused on fuel efficiency improvements for decades, as fuel use can constitute between 20–35% of operating costs.
  • Picture of a train transporting grain. Photo by Marcus Wong via Wikimedia Commons

    Rail freight transport

    Small improvements in fuel efficiency can have a big impact on profit and competitiveness in the rail freight transport sector.

Other sectors

  • A picture showing two large office buildings

    Commercial and services

    Investing in the overall energy efficiency of commercial buildings improves asset value by costing less to operate and maintain.


  • Mining and mineral processing


    Energy currently constitutes up to 15% of total mining and mineral processing input costs.

Small business

  • Two people sitting at a counter in a small retail business

    Small business

    There are a range of resources available to help small businesses improve their energy use and save on operating costs.

If you have ideas for other sectors, please contact us via the feedback link on this page.